Valley of Flowers is an Indian national park, situated in North Chamoli, in the state of Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal) and is identified for its pastures of widespread mountainous plants and the variety of flora.
This abundantly varied zone is also home to rare and scarce animals, comprising of the Asiatic black bear, musk deer, red fox and blue sheep, brown bear, snow leopard.
Birds found in the park comprise Himalayan Monal Pheasant and other tall height birds. At 3352 to 3658 meters beyond sea level, the mild scenery of the Valley of Flowers National Park accompaniments the rocky mountain wasteland of Nanda Devi National Park to the east. Together, they include an exclusive evolution zone between the crag varieties of the Great Himalaya and Zanskar.
The park springs over a span of 87.50 km² and it is around 8 km in length and 2 km in breadth. Both parks are included in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (223,674 ha) which is further enclosed by a shield area (5,148.57 km²). Nanda Devi Country park Reserve is in the UNESCO World Grid of Environment Reserves.
How can you get here?
Being deep in the Himalayas, this heavenly background is reachable only on foot. There are two substitute trains to pick for a Valley of Flowers trek, both equally scenic. The more common one starts from a village, known as Ghangaria, located at an altitude of nearby 10000 feet. You can reach Ghangaria via a hike from Govindghat, which in turn is available from the city of Joshimath by road.
The other, moderately fresh (although not really) route, is known as the Kunthkhal-Hanuman Chatti trail. It was the initial way into the valley, before the one via Ghangaria was revealed. After the Kedarnath swamping, the government unlocked it again to offer an alternate entrance to the valley and to help as a way to escape if another natural disaster traps people existing in the area.
Geographical Setting and Ecological Zones
Topographically, the gorge is categorized as a Droopy Valley. It is a gorge of the Pushpawati River, one of Alaknanda River’s branches, and is at a greater height than the valley of the chief stream.
Running in an east-to-west way for about 15 km, it is 6 km at its broadest point, with a entire area of about 87.5 sq km. Its mean altitude is nearly 11500 feet, making it cool during the year.
What is exclusive about the Valley of Flowers?
The Valley of Flowers is well-known for its magnificent natural attractiveness, endangered animals and widespread alpine flowers. This gorge comes under the national park group of India.
It is spread over an area of around 88 km². Beautiful cascades, sceneries and pasture add more stars to the splendor of Valley of Flowers.
Who discovered Valley of Flowers?
Valley of Flowers, located at 12,000 feet, was accidentally discovered in 1931, by mountaineers Frank S Smythe, Eric Shipton and RL Holdsworth while returning after an expedition to Mount Kamet.
How many flowers are in the Valley of Flowers?
The Valley of Flowers is endowed with 520 species of high altitude plants including angiosperms, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes of which 498 are flowering plants.
Which is the finest period to stay at Valley of Flowers?
The finest period to do this hike is in the month of mid-July to mid-August.
You may also like:
- Stongdey Monastery, Ladakh (India)
- Angel Falls, Bolívar (Venezuela)
- White Sands National Monument, New Mexico (USA)